Chinchillas are medium sized rodents native to the Andes mountains in South America. Chinchillas are named after the tribe that hunted the chinchillas for their dense fur, the Chinchas. A chinchilla is therefore a fairly rare animalin its natural habitat today.

Chinchillas feed on nuts, seeds and berries. They can defend themselves by spraying urine and releasing their fur when they are under attack.

In more recent years people are beginning to keep chinchillas as pets. Chinchilla domestication occurred in the 1920s when an engineer in Chile took a group of chinchillas to California. Since then chinchillas are bred as pets and sold all around the world. When handling chinchillas, it is important to not pick them up from underneath like a rat or hamster, because they have a feature called "floating ribs". Their ribs are not fully attached to their spine and if pressure is applied upwards, the ribs could puncture vital organs and kill the chinchilla. Pet chinchillas require frequent attention as well as a supply of dust for "dust baths".

Chinchilla Facts

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Chinchillidae
Genus: Chinchilla

Scientific Name: Chinchilla Lanigera
Type: Mammal
Diet: Herbivore
Size: 25cm - 35cm (10in - 14in)
Weight: 400g - 500g (14oz - 18oz)
Top Speed: 24km/h (15mph)
Life Span: 10 - 18 years
Lifestyle: Solitary
Conservation Status: Endangered

Color: Beige, Brown, Grey
Skin Type: Fur
Favourite Food: Fruit
Habitat: Dry and mountainous regions
Average Litter Size: 3
Main Prey: Fruit, Nuts, Seeds
Predators: Owls, Fox, Cougars
Special Features: Dense fur and long back legs

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